Charles Darwin’s patriarchal world view led him to dismiss female agency and mate choice in humans, but do Darwin’s ideas on sexual selection hold up today?

2022.01.21 06:05 Wide-Butterscotch-43 Charles Darwin’s patriarchal world view led him to dismiss female agency and mate choice in humans, but do Darwin’s ideas on sexual selection hold up today?

"But according to a new paper, published in Science, Charles Darwin’s patriarchal world view led him to dismiss female agency and mate choice in humans.
He also downplayed the role of female variation in other animal species, assuming they were rather uniform, and always made similar decisions. And he thought there was enormous variation among the males who battled for female attention by showing off stunning ranges of skills and beauty. This maintained the focus on the dynamics of male dominance hierarchies, sexual ornamentation and variation as drivers of sexual selection, even if females sometimes did the choosing." https://theconversation.com/evolution-how-victorian-sexism-influenced-darwins-theories-new-research-175261
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2022.01.21 06:05 Shillofnoone can somebody explain vaults to me?

to dip my toes in fox, I zapped 81 one to fox-ust lp and I don't know where I can see the rewards . how should I navigate this.
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2022.01.21 06:05 Rand0m_386 Pokemon Black Nuzlocke choose my fossil Pokemon

As I'm doing my Black Nuzlocke, I've realised that while I have a system to choose my starter Pokemon, when faced by which fossil Pokemon to choose I don't have a system to ensure that the fossil is randomly chosen, so I've decided to allow you guys to vote on which fossil pokemon I should choose and use as my Nacrene City encounter.
View Poll
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2022.01.21 06:05 depressedkittyfr Why are women consistently prettier than men while this is not the case in other animals?

For example I find pea hen really ugly while peacock is most majestic and he woos the female. Same for lions and tigers too I guess. Even our gorilla cousins have handsome males with meh females.
Whereas in humans , women not only go out of their way to dress up and look good but also invest more in beauty products and procedures. They of course do look better and age better because of this in my opinion. My only question is why didn’t men follow suit.
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2022.01.21 06:05 maddyb99_ Let’s have a discussion

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2022.01.21 06:05 Shiroza_Itoshiki Advice for Healer hotbar with this setup for my little hands. I only ever tank and dps

Advice for Healer hotbar with this setup for my little hands. I only ever tank and dps submitted by Shiroza_Itoshiki to ffxiv [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 06:05 zapbrannigan34 Монополия

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2022.01.21 06:05 Calious Calibration Cube Woes (desc in comments)

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2022.01.21 06:05 Halkaramov2019 Buy RBG Cartoon Line Laser online from Luxenmart Buy here: https://luxenmart.com/product/rbg-cartoon-line-laser/?feed_id=21997&_unique_id=61ea776e63de4 RBG Cartoon Line Laser - Bluetooth APP...

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2022.01.21 06:05 sky_is_not_the_limit Is someone cashing out, because marge calling?

Is someone cashing out, because marge calling?
"Currently, the S&P 500 seems to dictate the direction of bitcoin and the overall crypto market, evident by correlations reaching new highs. Bitcoin's 90-day correlation to the S&P 500 is currently at its highest since October 2020," Arcane Research's weekly note published Tuesday said.
from -> https://www.coindesk.com/markets/2022/01/21/ether-altcoins-tank-with-bitcoin-as-decoupling-narrative-goes-up-in-smoke/
red sea
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2022.01.21 06:05 Radiant-Pin-558 How can I change.

So I’m sure this comes up a lot in many relationships. But how can I change. I really want to do I can be better for my partner and I’ve tried but it never really seems to work out. I don’t seem to listen and I always seem to twist her words and play victim. All things, despite her saying I know what I’m doing, I never intentionally do. I don’t think she believes me on that or not but I genuinely don’t mean to do any of it. With listening it’s forgetting information she has told me and this is a general thing. I like to think I’m a good listener but when it comes to remembering things It’s not something that is easy for me or that I have control of. So she thinks I don’t listen and don’t care. And she’ll say just care a little bit when I do care so much and I wish I can show her but I keep messing up. Twisting her words comes from me always interpreting what she says in the wrong way. The only one I can remember is today. We had a big fight and didn’t talk until late tonight and she said she had a bad day but refreshing. I heard refreshing and in my head that’s a good thing and I commented on that and she said how I twisted her words to make her seem like the bad guy. I don’t know how much she believes me or if any of you believe me but I genuinely don’t do these things on purpose and I wanna prove I can change and show her I care and I just don’t know how because I keep messing it up.
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2022.01.21 06:05 simonofthesnowfield I made a 2022 Holy Shot reaction calendar. (Just a few months are shown) I thought it was interesting that it shipped from Fort Mill, South Carolina, Rickey’s hometown

I made a 2022 Holy Shot reaction calendar. (Just a few months are shown) I thought it was interesting that it shipped from Fort Mill, South Carolina, Rickey’s hometown submitted by simonofthesnowfield to discgolf [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 06:05 jusuk69 searching for switch player

pc player retired semi pro looking to farm stats with a switch player 50% win rate in chapter 2, 10 k/d and 200 wins
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2022.01.21 06:05 TronicBoy Freelance Jumpstart Course

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2022.01.21 06:05 adivader A comparison of cessation in the Progress Of Insight, and Nirodha Sampatti

A friend of mine wanted to know how I experience cessation versus nirodha sampatti in order to inform their own practice. To create a meaningful comparison between these two attainments and the direct experience of what they feel like and deliver, it is important to create a context of how they are approached, thus there is a build up to the comparison. I am sharing it here in case it helps anybody else. Whatever I write, I write from direct experience. I use language created by other people but that is a mere convenience since it saves me time from cooking up new lingo.
Cessation in the Progress of Insight In doing the practice of investigation within the 4 foundations of mindfulness, the yogi starts to track objects from the point of inception onwards to the point of extinction. Initially clumsily, and then with skill and confidence. The yogi knows the object, knows the sense door where it comes from and how the object and its knowing is different for different objects and their knowing. Within the 3 foundations of mindfulness the yogi through tracking and knowing objects has already developed a lot of familiarity with objects, categories of objects, and the sense doors. The yogi has done a lot of juxtaposition between objects, between categories, between sense doors. The yogi has seen linkages or specific conditionality between objects and categories through seeing precedents and consequences.
This relentless object tracking naturally leads to the tracking of characteristics of objects. Awareness of sound naturally leads to the characteristics of sound like shrillness, volume, tonality. Awareness of body sensations naturally leads to the characteristics of body sensations like heat, coolness, friction, hardness, smoothness, stability, movement etc. This switch from object to characteristics of objects leads to a engagement of awareness with universal characteristics which are common to objects across categories and sense doors. Awareness starts to engage with the characteristic of impermanence. Impermanence fully experientially understood is the insight into Emptiness (or Shunyata). Nothing exists as far as the mind is concerned. The mind creates the world and it imputes meaning into the world. Minute by minute, moment by moment the world collapses and then is recreated. Meaning is seen to be given to the world rather than the world carrying any meaning by itself. From the impermanent characteristic of objects the mind switches to the characteristic of the interplay between perception and apperception. This leads to the insight into Unreliability (or Anitya/Anicca). The mind has a-priori assumptions about how stuff works. It has models regarding how stuff works and those models do not conform to what it has now learnt. The mind naturally experiences a cognitive friction which at first presents itself as fear.
The mind meets 'objects' with awareness gripping them in a certain way. There are four such grips to be relaxed one by one. Conventional experience and language helps us here in describing these grips as Expectation, Dislike, Rejection, Separation. These descriptions of the grips in conventional language can only act as a vector to help us find them and release them. Standalone the dictionary meaning and its linguistic and conceptual understanding doesn't help. These words are pointers.

  1. I expect things to be a certain way - when we totally relax this grip - the mind lets go of fear and experiences misery
  2. I dislike what is happening - when we totally relax this grip - the mind lets go of misery and experiences disgust
  3. I reject what is happening - when we totally relax this grip - the mind lets go of disgust and experiences desperation to get out of here
  4. I am separate from what is happening - when we totally relax this grip - the mind lets go of desperation to get out and then enters into complete acceptance and equanimity
Each and every nana on the PoI map is like setting a chain of dominoes falling - the dukkha nanas and what the mind learns and therefore does within dukkha nanas to move past them is required to explain the cessation event. At the end of the Dukkha nanas - there is no yogi, no meditator. The yogi identity, the fiction of an entity who is doing the meditation is a construct. A construct that is supported by its raw materials:
  1. There is a right to hold expectations - that's why there is an 'I',
  2. There is right to say 'This is preferable, its likeable, this is not preferable its unlikeable' - that's why there an 'I'
  3. There is a right to pass judgement and say 'this is rejected, that is accepted' - that's why there is an 'I'
  4. There is a right to demarcate 'This is me, its mine and that is not me, its not mine' - That's why there is an 'I'
Our understanding as it emerges from conventional / relative reality of this relative world is that there is an entity and therefore there are mental positions. Our understanding of the absolute world where the interplay between perception and apperception creates the world is that there are mental positions these mental positions lead to the creation of an entity and not the other way around.
In equanimity the yogi is no longer doing the yog, 'The Mind' is doing the yog and 'The Mind' sees the entity as just one more object. In the absence of the grips or the mental positions the entity is now just an object that enters through the sense door of the mind, and fluctuates and blinks. The meditating mind recognizes its fallacy and totally relaxes its participation in that which it has habitually done and dumps - everything. This is a cessation - it solidifies all the knowledges that has come before and an exit from the cessation is accompanied by a tremendous relief.
Summary
  1. Objects change
  2. Objects are unreliable
  3. If unreliable objects are met with sticky grips then there will be friction
  4. The mind lets go of sticky grips and then there is no friction
  5. The mind discovers that 'I' emerges from these sticky grips and in their absence it is just a marker, a place holder, just one more object like a random thought of pizza
  6. The mind dumps everything
  7. Awareness is now completely un populated by any object
  8. A cessation is chock full of awareness - it is most certainly not a state of general anesthesia
  9. A return of injection of objects in this unpolluted awareness is accompanied by a tremendous amount of relief
  10. The mind does a quick check of all the grips it has abandoned and all the sticky grips that are still left
Nirodha Sampatti through the practice of Nirvikalpa samadhi A detailed overview of what this practice is is written here. I wont go into the details.
Summary
  1. Awareness keeps engaging with objects and selects one notional object to create a subject
  2. The exercise of softening into objects leads to Awareness losing the momentum of selecting objects
  3. The exercise of softening into the tendency to objectify leads to Awareness no longer selecting any object at all
  4. This is a state where awareness contains all objects - but there is no subject. This is partially mature nirvikalpa samadhi. It is comparable to equanimity or sankharupekkha nana from the PoI
  5. The difference between the two modes of practice lies in a quality of investigation in the PoI progression and a quality of renunciation in the Nirvikalpa samadhi practice
  6. Awareness drops all objects and takes itself as an object - this is fully mature nirvikalpa samadhi
  7. At this point further softening into the desire to objectify awareness leads to awareness dropping itself as the object - Phenomenologically this is precisely the same experience as that of cessation in the PoI
  8. Completely unpolluted awareness unengaged with anything as an object - not even itself
  9. This is not even comparable to general anesthesia - OK I shouldn't be saying this, I have never experienced general anesthesia - This is not a gap in experience - this is a better statement :) :)
  10. This state can be maintained for very lengthy periods of time simply by forming a Sankalp or firm resolve at the beginning of the session to stay in this state for a defined period of time
  11. In this practice wisdom or specific conditionality is missing. The quality of renunciation leads to the abandoning of objectification therefore halting the creation of a subject or an 'I'

Commonalities between the two styles of practice
  1. Partially mature Nirvikalpa Samadhi is deeply healing. All the day's events that might be cognitively heavy are processed and released, past traumas simply come up are acknowledged and released, there is no 'I' to interfere and hold on to a story or create a new story, a new trauma out of this processing. The state of equanimity in PoI has attention and preference for object, but the sense of self is also taken as an object .. again and again. Equanimity too is healing and feels rejuvenating but it is not even comparable in its power to rejuvenate like Nirvikalpa samadhi. Doing partially mature Nirvikalpa Samadhi alone without even letting it mature fully and doing Nirodha Sampatti is a very very valuable exercise for healing the psyche
  2. Cessation in the PoI is exactly like Nirodha Sampatti. Awareness without any object projected into it, awareness not even taking itself as an object. It is the one time in our lives when we are deeply deeply aware
  3. Duration control is very easy in Nirodha Sampatti. Nirodha Sampatti is approached as a renunciation practice. This is not renunciation of a lamborghini and fetishization of a begging bowl. This is renunciation of the act of being an entity, the act of choosing objects, the act of having objects at all in awareness. Thus practiced regularly it becomes a quality of mind. Whereas in Cessation attainment there is always some amount of uncertainty at least for me, and I simply never could control duration ... ever

Questions?
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2022.01.21 06:05 TronicBoy Freelance Jumpstart Course

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2022.01.21 06:05 ghost_sanctum F-35 Human-Interface Helmet.

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2022.01.21 06:05 Jayson_Holgado Hello Everyone, I just wanna share my braum gameplay here as a braum main. Have a good day everyone, Thankyou so much.

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2022.01.21 06:05 OneReasonableCelery Looking for open ended campain ideas.

In my last campain I did a setting consisting of a dwarven city where the mithril export had stopped. The city had three clans and each clan had one position in a council. But the council had FIVE positions, where the last two spots was achieved through an arena battle.
So the PC's could take control of the council (with support from one other clan) if they won two positions in the arena. There was also another level of complication because each clan had hidden agendas and there was big intrigues going on in the background.
It worked out great! (Even tho two clans almost got extinct). The city became a sandbox and they started changing everything through the power of the council.
I'm now trying to write a new campain in a similar way where the players can choose the ending in several ways, but I'm lost.. any ideas?
I'm also looking for fun "settings" for the players to interact with like RP-minigames!
Thanks!
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2022.01.21 06:05 bendiman24 What syllogistic mistake is being committed when participants avoid direct rebuttal?

Say, something cannot be have trait A and B at the same time,
Person 1 then provides evidence and states their case that Object C has trait B, and that therefore the object cannot have trait A
Person 2 responds by arguing and providing evidence that Object C has trait A, and that therefore it cannot have trait B.
Is there a fallacy being committed here? And how should the argument proceed, if neither participant attempts to directly refute their opponent's asserted premise?
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2022.01.21 06:05 flansmae My dog will LITERALLY DIE if I don't eat meat regularly

My dog will LITERALLY DIE if I don't eat meat regularly submitted by flansmae to vegancirclejerk [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 06:05 Sublime_Rhyme Looking for recommendations

This is probably the wrong spot for this post, but I’m looking for recommendations for a tower defence game that has a card-like system with character heroes and upgrades as you progress/level up. Is anyone able to point me in the right direction? Thanks!
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2022.01.21 06:05 Pristine_Cicada_4174 Free NFT from Red Moon - a collection of artworks designed by SolArt. This project is visually diverse and aims to create high-quality NFTs at the lowest price ever in the Binance smart chain. A free NFT is awarded to the buyer by purchasing all three designs.

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2022.01.21 06:05 AWU_Hades Apparently there are more important things than a broken game

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